Research

Technical Bulletins

  • Mannan Comparison: Comparison of Complex Mannan Levels of Three Yeast Products, mg/g.

  • Technical Bulletin 2: In a trial conducted in October, 1994, by Dr. Dean Zimmerman at Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa, Nutra-Flo DPS 50RD proved to be an effective replacement for soybean meal in baby pig starter rations.

  • Technical Bulletin 3: In a trial conducted in February, 1996, by Dr. Dean Zimmerman (Experiment No. 9514) at Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa, baby pigs fed starter diets in which Nutra-Flo DPS 30 replaced dried whey significantly outperformed those fed a control diet.

  • Technical Bulletin 3a: In a trial conducted in February, 1996, by Dr. Dean Zimmerman (Experiment No. 9514) at Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa, baby pigs fed a starter diet with Nutra-Flo DPS significantly outperformed those fed a control diet with dried whey.

  • Technical Bulletin 4: Condensed Porcine Solubles® 21% Amino Acid Profile.

  • Technical Bulletin 5: DPS Products Typical Energy Values.

  • Technical Bulletin 8: Product Stability and Shelf Life.

  • Technical Bulletin 9: In a trial conducted in April, 1996, by Dr. Dean Zimmerman (Experiment No. 9603) at Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa, young pigs on diets with Nutra-Flo DPS 30 had similar performance to those on diets with dried whey and spray dried plasma.

  • Technical Bulletin 11: In an eight week feeding trial conducted in October, 1996, by Dr. Dean Zimmerman (Experiment No. 9612) at Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa, baby pigs fed starter diets with Nutra-Flo DPS 30 gained more weight than those on a control diet with dried whey.

  • Technical Bulletin 13: In a trial conducted in November, 1996, by Dr. Dean Zimmerman (Experiment No. 9615) at Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa, young pigs on diets with Nutra-Flo DPS 30 had better performance than those on diets with just spray dried plasma, and dried whey.

  • Technical Bulletin 14: In a trial conducted in January-February, 1997, by Dr. Jerry Sell at Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa, young turkeys on diets with Nutra-Flo DPS 30 had similar performance to those on diets with menhaden fish meal, and outperformed poults fed a corn, soybean meal, control starter diet.

  • Technical Bulletin 15: In a trial conducted in 1996/97 by Dr. Allen Trenkle (Experiment No. 1014) at Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa, indicated that Nutra-Flo CPS 21 could be used to supply a portion of the supplemental protein, potassium and phosphorus for finishing steers.

  • Technical Bulletin 16: In a slope-ratio growth feeding trial conducted in March, 1997, by Dr. Merlin Lindemann at the University of Kentucky, Nutra-Flo DPS 30 tested equivalent to plasma. Nursery pigs provided feed containing 3% DPS 30 had similar performance to those on 3% plasma, pigs given feed containing 6% DPS 30 had better performance to those on feed containing 6% plasma.

  • Technical Bulletin 17: In a trial conducted in 1997, by Dr. Dean Zimmerman (Experiment No. 9707) at Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa, it was indicated that Nutra-Flo CPS 21 can be used to cost effectively replace high protein (48% protein) soybean meal (SBM) in swine growing and finishing diets.

  • Technical Bulletin18: Poultry Amino Acid Digestibility Test by University of Missouri.

  • Technical Bulletin 19: In a feeding trial conducted in October 1997, by Dr. Merlin Lindemann at the University of Kentucky, Nutra-Flo DPS 30 tested equivalent to Spray Dried Blood Cells (SDBC). Nursery pigs fed DPS 30 had equal ADG and better feed efficiency compared to pigs on SDBC.

  • Technical Bulletin 20: In a feeding trial conducted in August, 1997, by Dr. Charles V. Maxwell at the University of Arkansas, the replacement potential of Nutra-Flo DPS 30 for select menhaden fish meal (SMFM) and spray dried plasma protein was tested on young pigs in phase 1 and 2. The study suggests that inclusion of 5.0% or 6.68% DPS 30 in phase 1 diets produces similar results as compared to diets containing SMFM and spray dried plasma protein.

  • Technical Bulletin 21: Small Peptides Protein Increase Amino Acid Absorption and Production of Pancreatic Hormones. An explanation of the high performance of young pigs on diets containing DPS®

  • Technical Bulletin 22: In a broiler trial conducted in March 1998, by Dr. Jerry Sell Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa, neither DPS 30, DPS 50RD or Menhaden fish meal (MFM) provided an advantage or disadvantage over a standard corn/soybean meal diet.

  • Technical Bulletin 23: In a preference (choice) feeding trial conducted in October, 1998, by Dr. Merlin Lindemann at the University of Kentucky, 21 day weaned pigs preferred starter feed containing 2.5% DPS 30, over starter feed with no DPS 30 by a ratio of 4-to-1.

  • Technical Bulletin 24: A preference (choice) feeding trial was conducted in October, 1998, by Dr. Merlin Lindemann at the University of Kentucky. The trial tested weanling pigs preference for diets containing either 2.5% or 5.0% DPS 30

  • Technical Bulletin 25: In a preference (choice) feeding trial conducted in December, 1998, by Dr. Merlin Lindemann at the University of Kentucky, two diets were compared. Twenty-day weaned pigs preferred a starter feed containing a combination of 2.5% DPS 30 and 2.5% plasma over a starter feed containing only 5.0% plasma by a ratio of 3-to-1.

  • Technical Bulletin 26: A preference (choice) feeding trial was conducted in December, 1998, by Dr. Merlin Lindemann at the University of Kentucky. The trial tested weanling pig’s preference for diets containing either 3.0% DPS 30, or 1.5% DPS 50RD.

  • Technical Bulletin 27: In January to March, 1998 a trail was conducted at the Cooperative Research Farms, Lexington, Illinois, to determine the value of Nutra-Flo DPS 30 as a pig starter ingredient. DPS 30 had similar overall performance when compared to spray dried plasma protein (SDPP) in SEW diets and spray dried blood meal (SDBM) in Phase 1 diets. However, the DPS 30 diets had a lower cost of gain compared to spray dried plasma protein and spray dried blood meal diets.

  • Technical Bulletin 28: In a feeding trial conducted in 1998 by Dr. Charles Maxwell at University of Arkansas DPS 30 was an effective replacement for select menhaden fish meal (SMFM) in phase 1 swine nursery diets. A new more concentrated DPS product, DPS 50RD, was also tested.

  • Technical Bulletin 29: In a trial conducted in November and December of 1998 by “De Schothorst” Institute for Animal Nutrition (Netherlands) the inclusion of 3% DPS 50RD (45% crude protein) significantly increased feed intake and daily gain by 5-12% depending on the ingredients of the control diet.

  • Technical Bulletin 30: A trial was conducted at Khon Khen University in March 1999, in Thailand, by Dr. J. Khajareen and Dr. S. Khajareen, to test DPS 30 as a replacement for Delac and Totallac (dried skim milk replacer products). Pigs fed diets with 5% DPS 30 consumed more feed, grew faster and had significantly reduced diarrhea scores.

  • Technical Bulletin 31: A feeding trial evaluating the effects of DPS vs. other high quality proteins on young pig performance was conducted by Dr. Ji at the Agriculture University of China, Beijing, in April of 1999. In this trial, the DPS 50RD and DPS 30 treatments had similar ADG, ADFI and F/G at week 5 to the Plasma protein treatments and better performance than the Fishmeal control diet. There was a high correlation between diarrhea index (DI) and performance with DPS and plasma having significantly lower DI than the control.

  • Technical Bulletin 32: A research trial was conducted in April, 1999 by Dr. Ji at Agriculture University of China to examine the digestive enzyme activity and intestinal morphology of nursery pigs receiving various proteins (fishmeal, DPS and plasma). There was no significant difference in enzyme activity among various proteins. DPS and plasma did stimulate villus growth and crypt cell development of nursery pigs.

  • Technical Bulletin 33: DPS is a digested protein, it has the double biosecurity benefit of high processing temperatures and proteolytic enzyme treatment. It is highly unlikely that any viruses can survive the DPS production.

  • Technical Bulletin 34: A preference trial was conducted in September, 1999 at the University of Kentucky by Dr. Merlin Lindemann using nursery pigs to determine the effect of adding a flavoring to Dried PorSol 30 (DPS 30). Pigs preferred a diet containing flavored DPS versus a diet with non-flavored DPS.

  • Technical Bulletin 35: A preference trial was conducted in September, 1999 at the University of Kentucky by Dr. Merlin Lindemann using nursery pigs to determine the effect of adding two levels of flavoring (low and high level) to Dried PorSol 50RD (DPS 50RD). There was no indication that the higher level of flavoring increased the preference exhibited by the pigs.

  • Technical Bulletin 36: Two canine palatability tests were conducted at Kennelwood Inc. Champaign, IL in December 1999 to examine dog preferences for Condensed PorSol 21 (CPS 21) and CPS Ultra 21. In the first trial, dogs showed a numerical preference for a ration with 2% CPS 21 added. In the second trial dogs significantly preferred a ration with 2% CPS Ultra 21 added.

  • Technical Bulletin 37: University feeding trial was conducted in 1998 by Dr. Hsia at National Pingtung University in Taiwan to examine performance of DPS 30, Plasma and Tryptophan on feed intake in low Tryptophan diets for piglets. Piglets fed diets with DPS 30 or Plasma had higher feed intakes versus a control diet.

  • Technical Bulletin 38: The Japanese government conducted several tests to determine the digestibility and availability of nutrients in DPS for pigs. These results showed that DPS is a highly digestible product for swine

  • Technical Bulletin 39: A trial was conducted at the University of Idaho by Dr. Ronald Hardy to determine the apparent digestibility coefficient (ADC) of DPS for rainbow trout. It was determined that DPS 45SD is highly digestible and could serve a vital purpose in fish feed applications.

  • Technical Bulletin 40: A canine palatability test was conducted at Kennelwood Inc. Champaign, IL in March 2000 to examine dog preferences for Condensed PorSol Ultra (CPS Ultra) versus a pork liver digest (PLD) product. Dogs showed equal preference for diets spray coated with PLD or CPS Ultra.

  • Technical Bulletin 41: A feeding trial was conducted at the University of Minnesota, by Drs. Lee Johnston, Sam Baidoo and Jerry Shurson, to examine the effect of PorSol (DPS) on the performance of lactating sows and their litters. Sows fed diets with DPS 30 during lactation had a linear increase in ADFI versus the control sows receiving no DPS 30.

  • Technical Bulletin 42: In a feeding trial conducted by a major United States feed company, pigs were fed diets containing DPS 50RD to evaluate the effects of replacing fishmeal or plasma on growth performance. Partial or entire replacement of spray-dried plasma protein with DPS 50RD in phase 2 starter diets did not significantly affect average daily gain, feed intake or feed/gain ratio. Although no significant differences between treatments were observed in phase 3, subsequent feed efficiency in phase 4 was significantly improved for pigs fed diets containing DPS 50RD. These observations suggest a positive carryover effect may exist for pigs fed DPS 50RD.

  • Technical Bulletin 43: DPS 50RD was used in a 5-week nursery trial to evaluate its effectiveness on growth performance of pigs weaned at 20 days of age. Dr. Hans Stein conducted this trial at South Dakota State University (SDSU). Pigs fed diets containing 3.0 or 4.5% DPS 50RD had significantly higher (P<.05) weight gain and gain/feed than pigs fed the 5.0% fishmeal control, days 7-21. No significant increases in feed intake were observed, days 7-21. Therefore, these results suggest an improvement in gut health and perhaps nutrient uptake occurring in pigs fed DPS 50RD.

  • Technical Bulletin 45: In a study conducted by 1DeRouchery et al at Kansas State University, commercially available specialty protein products were evaluated in a 14-day growth assay with 20 day-old pigs.

  • Technical Bulletin 48: A 5-week study was conducted by Dr. Hans Stein of the University of Illinois to evaluate the effects of dietary mannan products on the growth performance of 20 day-old weanling pigs. Diets supplemented with UltraMannan 120 and UltraMannan 85 significantly improved piglet growth performance compared to pigs fed diets containing the competitor’s mannan product (Mannan B).

  • Technical Bulletin 49: A 35-day, phase 2 nursery trial was conducted at Kansas State University, by Dr. Joel DeRouchey et al. to evaluate the growth performance effects of including DPS 52 in the diets of 15 to 25 lb. pigs. In this study piglets receiving diets containing DPS 52 had significantly improved ADG and feed efficiency, day 0-14 compared to piglets fed fishmeal.

  • Technical Bulletin 50: A research trial was conducted in April, 1999 by Dr. Cheng Ji at Agriculture University of China to examine: 1. The effects of DPS vs. other high quality proteins (fishmeal and plasma) on young pig performance. 2. The digestive enzyme activity and intestinal morphology of nursery pigs receiving various proteins (DPS, fishmeal and plasma).

  • Technical Bulletin 51: Results show that the competitive sample contains 50-60% soybean protein carrier. DPS 50RD only contained 3-4% soybean protein carrier. This results in the competitive sample containing 40-50% peptone when compared to DPS 50RD at 96-97%. The price difference between the two products is clearly negated by the peptone/carrier concentrations.